It may sound absurd; the idea of comparing the seemingly more popular Windows to Linux, but you might consider switching from one to the other after seeing the advantages and disadvantages of each operating system. Linux has tons of advantages over Windows, it also has its own fair share of disadvantages as well.
Linux is an open-source operating system. Linux is widely used by most websites on the internet so you probably encounter interactions with it on some of the sites that you visit. Open source means that the Linux software is distributed along with its source code so that it can be modified by others, to suit their needs. The Linux system held this advantage over Microsoft until the release of Windows 10.
Linux is very similar to UNIX, however, they’re not the same operating system; Linux is only a UNIX-like operating system. Linux was written from the UNIX kernel hence the many similarities.
To be very clear, Linux is just a kernel and not a complete operating system. But Linux distributions can be referred to as operating systems because they contain the Linux kernel. That’s the difference; UNIX is an operating system because everything that makes it up comes from one source.
On the other hand, Windows is an operating system developed by Microsoft for desktops devices, personal computers, and servers. It is actually a series of operating systems, and each system comes up with a graphical user interface (GUI) which is preinstalled. The windows operating system comes with almost every company that makes personal computers or laptops. It is designed to run on x86 hardware.
Windows is a commercial operating system; unlike Linux, it doesn’t have a free license for developers to make alterations to the source code. This makes it somewhat secure. Its target ever since it started has been the world’s personal computer market. Windows NT now has three operating systems sharing the same kernel:
Windows NT and its successors are designed for network security and multi-user PCs but were not made with the internet in mind since it was developed in the early 1990s, so it was not that secure. Microsoft releases patches for the security in windows update service approximately once a month. This series of operating systems are for multi-users, and it has absolute memory protection
Here are some differences between Linux and Windows:
Linux has a number of security advantages when compared to Microsoft Windows. For one, Linux has a built-in updater that comes along with each Linux distribution. It takes care of security updates and patches up any vulnerability that the system might come in contact with. Linux’s software updates and application upgrades are delivered frequently plus they are free. There’s no need to search the internet for upgrades; downloading Linux updates from the wrong sites could open the operating system up to infections and viruses. Every update or upgrade needed is right on the Linux system. There are thousands of them on each Linux distribution repository.
It is possible for the Linux system to have infections. But the Linux system was designed to withstand them.
Both operating systems have similarities as well as differences. Each system administrator has a different job. For Windows, the system administrators are in charge of everything. They manage the computer systems that used and are connected to the Windows operating system. Their job is to think about the system needs and install hardware and software required to make everything run smoothly. They also make sure that the organizations’ networks are fully secure. They are responsible for adding new users to the different networks, and teaching them how to use the computer systems within a select environment.
Windows system administrators have to be well taught in order to diagnose and solve any problems that might arise within the system. Whether it’s a problem on the hard drive or a mistake on the directory, the system administrator handles it, especially technical problems.
Linux system administration is a job that can be as much a challenge as it can be easy, depending on how it is approached. Linux system administration requires a great deal of concentration and knowledge. Linux administrators do a lot; system building, security management, disaster recovery, file recovery, backups, making sure that the networks are secure, hardware and software maintenance, and storage management.
The knowledge of the Linux system administrator has to be broad; knowing how to configure networks, interoperability, and even with the Windows operating system. Some technical knowledge is required on the part of the Linux system administrators. Features such as firewalls, databases, etc. are covered by Linux system administrators.
Linux system administrators have to stay on top of new knowledge in the field; learn about new software, take care of security notifications, and install hardware updates. In turn, both the Linux and Windows system administrators require a lot of time, knowledge and energy.
Linux, being an open-source operating system, has many benefits.
Most people complain about the Linux operating system when it comes to installation on personal computers. Most of Linux OS criticism comes from its lack of user-friendliness, not being adequate for desktop use, lacking hardware support, lacking popular versions of applications and many more.
Applications written for Linux should be easy to install on any and every distribution but this is not the case. Linux is probably the wrong choice when it comes to the modern way of life and its user-friendliness as an operating system.
The advantage and disadvantages of both operating systems, Linux and Windows, have been laid out. Both Linux and Windows have their highs and lows.
For Windows, it is user-friendly and simple to use, hence businesses and individuals prefer it. For Linux, large organizations prefer it for its excellent security advantage. Organizations like Google use Linux for mobile applications.